Bibliography

[Adams and Bentley 2007]  John W. Adams and Anne E. Bentley. Comitia Americana and Related Medals: Underappreciated Monuments to Our Heritage. Crestline, 2007.
[Alteri 2004]  Giancarlo Alteri. Summorum Romanorum Pontificum Historia Nomismatibus Recensitis Illustrata ab Saeculo XV ad Saeculum XX. Vatican, 2004.
[Alvarez-Ossorio 1950]  Francisco Alvarez-Ossorio. Catálogo de las medallas de los siglos XV y XVI conservadas en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional. Madrid, 1950.
[Attwood 2003]  Philip Attwood. Italian Medals c. 1530-1600 in British Public Collections. 2 vols. London, 2003.
[Bartolotti 1967]  Franco Bartolotti. La medaglia annuale dei romani pontefici da Paolo V a Paolo VI: 1605-1967. Rimini, 1967.
[Bernardelli and Zironda 2007]  Armando Bernardelli and Renato Zironda. Il medagliere dei Musei Civici di Vicenza I: La medaglie papali. Catologo Scientifico della Collezioni. Venice, 2007.
[Bertuzzi 2012]  Stefano Bertuzzi. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volumi IX-X-XI: Pio VII (1800-1823), Leone XII (1823-1829), Pio VIII (1829-1830). Rome, 2012.
[Betts 1894]  C. Wyllis Betts, edited with notes by William T. R. Marvin and Lyman Haynes Low. American Colonial History illustrated by Contemporary Medals. New York, 1894. Reprinted, Glendale, 1970.
[Blondin 2005]  Jill E. Blondin. "Power Made Visible: Pope Sixtus IV as Urbis Restaurator in Quattrocento Rome." The Catholic Historical Review, vol. 91, no. 1 (January 2005):1-25. (Electronic copy)
Available online from Project MUSE
[Boccia 2003]  Gianluigi Boccia. La sede vacante pontificia e le sue medaglie: conclavi e partecipanti dal 1549 al 1978. Rome, 2003.
[Boccia 2006]  Gianluigi Boccia. Medaglie e decorazioni di Gregorio XVI (1831-1846). Rome, 2006.
[Börner 1997]  Lore Börner. Die italienischen Medaillen der Renaissance und des Barock (1450 bis 1750). Bestandskatalogue des Münzkabinetts Berlin. Berlin, 1997.
[Brockmann 1985]  Günther Brockmann. Die Medaillen der Welfen, Band I: Linie Wolfenbüttel. Cologne, 1985.
[Brockmann 1987]  Günther Brockmann. Die Medaillen der Welfen, Band 2: Linie Lüneburg/Hannover. Cologne, 1987.
[Calveri 1999]  Francesco M. Calveri. La Memoria Dei Papa: Medaglie dalle origini al Giubileo del 2000. Rome, 1999.
[Christiansen and Weppelmann 2011]  Keith Christiansen and Stefan Weppelmann (eds.). The Renaissance Portrait: From Donatello to Bellini. New York, 2011.
[Clain-Stefanelli 1985]  E. E. Clain-Stefanelli. Numismatic Bibliography. Battenberg, 1985.
[Cupperi et al. 2013]  Walter Cupperi, Martin Hirsch, Annette Kranz, and Ulrich Pfisterer (eds.). Wettstreit in Erz: Porträtmedaillen der deutschen Renaissance. Berlin, 2013.
[Cusumano and Modesti 1986]  Vincenzo Cusumano and Adolfo Modesti. Pio X e Benedetto XV nella medaglia (1903-1922). Rome, 1986.
[Cusumano and Modesti 1987]  Vincenzo Cusumano and Adolfo Modesti. Pio XI nella medaglia (1922-1939). Rome, 1987.
[Cusumano and Modesti 1989]  Vincenzo Cusumano and Adolfo Modesti. Pio XII nella medaglia (1939-1958). Rome, 1989.
[Dale 2014]  Maria F. P. Saffiotti Dale (ed.). European Medals in the Chazen Museum of Art: Highlights from the Vernon Hall Collection and Later Acquisitions. Madison, 2014.
[De Jonge and Janssens]  Krista De Jonge and Gustaaf Janssens (eds.). Les Granvelle et les Anciens Pays-Bas. Louvain, 2000.
[De Luca 1975]  Piero De Luca. Medaglie Papali. Santa Severina, 1975. Update published, 1979.
[Di Virgilio 2012]  Stefano Di Virgilio. "Le medaglie per il cardinale Girolamo Colonna." Panorama Numismatico, no. 270 (February 2012):48-49. (Electronic copy)
Available online from Panorama Numismatico
[Divo 1982]  Jean-Paul Divo. Médailles de Louis XIV. Zurich, 1982.
[Eimer 2010]  Christopher Eimer. British Commemorative Medals and their values. London, 2010.
[Fabriczy 1904]  Cornelius von Fabriczy. Italian Medals. Translated by Mrs. Gustavus W. Hamilton. London, 1904.
[Fehl 1973]  Philipp Fehl. "Raphael's Reconstruction of the Throne of St. Gregory the Great." The Art Bulletin, vol. 55, no. 3 (September 1973):373-379. (Electronic copy)
Available online from JSTOR
[Flaten 2012]  Arne R. Flaten. Medals and Plaquettes in the Ulrich Middeldorf Collection at the Indiana University Art Museum, 15th to 20th Centuries. Bloomington, 2012.
[Greenslet 1993]  Phil W. Greenslet. The Medals of Franklin. Lake Mary, 1993.
[Habich 1929-34]  Georg Habich. Die deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI. Jahrhunderts. 5 vols. Munich, 1929-1934. Reprinted in 2 vols, London, 1994.
[Hartzog 1986]  Rich Hartzog. 1986 Price Guide for "Medals of the United States Mint: The First Century, 1792-1892" by R. W. Julian. Rockford, 1986.
[Hawkins 1885]  Edward Hawkins. Medallic Illustrations of the History of Great Britain and Ireland to the Death of George II. 2 vols. London, 1885. Reprinted, London, 1978.
[Hill 1912]  G. F. Hill. Portrait Medals of Italian Artists of the Renaissance. London, 1912.
[Hill 1930]  George Francis Hill. A Corpus of Italian Medals of the Renaissance before Cellini. 2 vols. London, 1930. Reprinted with addenda by John Graham Pollard, Florence, 1984.
[Hill and Pollard 1967]  G. F. Hill and Graham Pollard. Renaissance Medals from the Samuel H. Kress Collection at the National Gallery of Art. London, 1967.
Available online from the Kress Foundation
[Hill and Pollard 1978]  George Hill, revised and enlarged by Graham Pollard. Medals of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1920. London, 1978.
[Hinton 2002]  Jack Hinton. "Forming Designs, Shaping Medals: A Collection of Wax Models by the Hamerani." The Medal, no. 41 (Autumn 2002):3-57.
[Holman 2005]  Beth L. Holman. "For 'Honor and Profit': Benvenuto Cellini's Medal of Clement VII and His Competition with Giovanni Bernardi." Renaissance Quarterly, vol. 58, no. 2 (Summer 2005):512-575. (Electronic copy)
Available online from JSTOR
[Hone 2016]  Joseph Hone. "Isaac Newton and the Medals for Queen Anne." Huntington Library Quarterly, vol. 79, no. 1 (Spring 2016):119-148. (Electronic copy)
Available online from Project MUSE
[Jaeger and Bowers 2007]  Katherine Jaeger and Q. David Bowers. 100 Greatest American Medals and Tokens. Atlanta, 2007.
[Johnson 1990]  Cesare Johnson. Collezione Johnson di Medaglie. 3 vols. Milan, 1990.
[Johnson and Martini 1986]  Cesare Johnson and Rodolfo Martini. Catalogo della Medaglie, I, Secolo XV. Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano. Milan, 1986.
[Johnson and Martini 1988]  Cesare Johnson and Rodolfo Martini. Catalogo delle Medaglie, II, Secolo XVI: A.V. - Cavallerino. Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano. Milan, 1988.
[Johnson and Martini 1989]  Cesare Johnson and Rodolfo Martini. Catalogo della Medaglie, II, Secolo XVI: Cavino. Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano. Milan, 1989.
[Johnson and Martini 1994]  Cesare Johnson and Rodolfo Martini. Catalogo delle Medaglie, II, Secolo XVI: Benvenuto Cellini - Pompeo Leoni. Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano. Milan, 1994.
[Jones 1977]  Mark Jones. Medals of the French Revolution. British Museum Keys to the Past. London, 1977.
[Jones 1979]  Mark Jones. The Art of the Medal. London, 1979.
[Jones 1982]  Mark Jones. A Catalogue of the French Medals in the British Museum, Volume 1: AD 1402-1610. London, 1982.
[Jones 1988]  Mark Jones. A Catalogue of the French Medals in the British Museum, Volume 2: 1600-1672. London, 1988.
[Julian 1977]  R. W. Julian, edited by N. Neil Harris. Medals of the United States Mint: The First Century, 1792-1892. El Cajon, 1977.
[Kastenholz 2006]  Richard Kastenholz. Hans Schwarz: Ein Augsburger Bildhauer und Medailleur der Renaissance. Kunstwissenschaftliche Studien Band 126. Berlin, 2006.
[Krautheimer and Jones 1975]  Richard Krautheimer and R. B. S. Jones. "The Diary of Alexander VII: Notes on Art, Artists and Buildings." Römisches Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte, 15 (1975):199-225.
[Luciano 2011]  Eleonora Luciano. Antico: The Golden Age of Renaissance Bronzes. Washington, 2011.
[Margolis 2015]  Richard Margolis. Benjamin Franklin in Terra Cotta. Gahanna, 2015.
[Middeldorf and Goetz 1944]  Ulrich Middeldorf and Oswald Goetz. Medals and Plaquettes from the Sigmund Morgenroth Collection. Chicago, 1944.
[Miselli 1997]  Walter Miselli. Il papato dal 1700 al 1730 attraverso le medaglie. Turin, 1997.
[Miselli 2001]  Walter Miselli. Il papato dal 1669 al 1700 attraverso le medaglie. Pavia, 2001.
[Miselli 2003]  Walter Miselli. Il papato dal 1605 al 1669 attraverso le medaglie. Pavia, 2003.
[Modesti 2002]  Adolfo Modesti. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volume I: da San Pietro (42-67) a Adriano VI (1522-1523). Rome, 2002.
[Modesti 2003]  Adolfo Modesti. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volume II: da Clemente VII (1523-1534) a Paolo IV (1555-1559). Rome, 2003.
[Modesti 2004]  Adolfo Modesti. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volume III: da Pio IV (1559-1565) a Gregorio XIII (1572-1585). Rome, 2004.
[Modesti 2005]  Adolfo Modesti. Numismata in Libris. 2nd edition. Rome, 2005.
[Modesti 2006]  Adolfo Modesti. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volume IV: da Sisto V (1585-1590) a Paolo V (1605-1621). Rome, 2006.
[Modesti 2007]  Adolfo Modesti. La medaglia 'annuale' dei romani pontefici, Volume I: da Giulio III (1550-1555) a Clemente XIII (1758-1769). Rome, 2007.
[Modesti 2009]  Adolfo Modesti. La medaglia 'annuale' dei romani pontefici, Volume II: da Clemente XIV (1769-1774) fino al IV anno di Benedetto XVI (felicemente regnante). Rome, 2009.
[Modesti 2010]  Adolfo Modesti. Giovanni XXIII nella medaglia (1958-1963). Rome, 2010.
[Modesti 2013]  Adolfo Modesti. Leone XIII nella medaglia (1878-1903). Rome, 2013.
[Modesti 2014]  Adolfo Modesti. Numismata in Libris (Addendum 2005-2013). Supplement to the 2nd edition. Rome, 2014.
[Modesti 2015]  Adolfo Modesti. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volume V: Le medaglie papali di restituzione, da San Pietro (42-67) a Giovanni Paolo II (1978-2005). Rome, 2015.
[Modesti 2016]  Adolfo Modesti (ed.). Le Chiese Cattoliche nella Medaglia d'Arte. Rome, 2016.
[Modesti 2018]  Adolfo Modesti. Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum (C.N.O.R.P.), Volume VI: Gregorio XV (1621-1623), Urbano VIII (1623-1644), Innocenzo X (1644-1655). Rome, 2018.
[Modesti et al. 2016]  Adolfo Modesti, Ennio Brunori, and Adelmo Covati. Civitavecchia nella Medaglia Pontificia (1508-1857). 2nd edition. Rome, 2016.
[Mossman 1995]  Philip L. Mossman (ed.). Coinage of the American Confederation Period. Coinage of the Americas Conference at the American Numismatic Society. New York, 1995.
[Musante 2016]  Neil Musante. Medallic Washington. 2 vols + price guide supplement. London, 2016.
[Ng 2017]  Aimee Ng. The Pursuit of Immortality: Masterpieces from the Scher Collection of Portrait Medals. New York, 2017.
[Norris and Weber 1976]  Andrea S. Norris and Ingrid Weber. Medals and Plaquettes from the Molinari Collection at Bowdoin College. Brunswick, 1976.
[Olszewski 2002]  Edward J. Olszewski. "The Enlightened Patronage of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni (1667-1740)." Artibus et Historiae, vol. 23, no. 45 (2002):139-165. (Electronic copy)
Available online from JSTOR
[Olszewski 2004]  Edward J. Olszewski. Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni (1667-1740) and the Vatican Tomb of Pope Alexander VIII. Philadelphia, 2004.
[Patrignani 1939]  Antonio Patrignani. Le medaglie pontificie da Clemente XII (1730) a Pio VI (1799). Bologna, 1939. Reprinted, Bologna, 1967.
[Pfisterer 2008]  Ulrich Pfisterer. Lysippus und seine Freunde. Liebesgaben und Gedächtnis im Rom der Renaissance oder: Das erste Jahrhundert der Medaille. Berlin, 2008.
[Pollard 1970]  J. G. Pollard. "Matthew Bolton and Conrad Heinrich Küchler." The Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Volume X (1970):259-318.
[Pollard 1984-85]  J. Graham Pollard. Medaglie italiane del Rinascimento nel Museo nazionale del Bargello. 3 vols. Florence, 1984-1985.
[Pollard 1987]  J. Graham Pollard (ed.). Italian Medals. Studies in the History of Art, Volume 21. Washington, 1987.
[Pollard 2007]  John Graham Pollard. Renaissance Medals. 2 vols. The Collection of the National Gallery of Art, Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 2007.
[Rouhette and Tuzio 2008]  Thierry Rouhette and Francesco Tuzio. Médailles françaises des XVe, XVIe et XVIIe siècles. Monaco, 2008.
[Salton 1965]  The Salton Collection: Renaissance & Baroque Medals & Plaquettes. Brunswick, 1965.
[Scher 1994]  Stephen K. Scher (ed.). The Currency of Fame: Portrait Medals of the Renaissance. New York, 1994.
[Scher 1997]  Stephen K. Scher. The Proud Republic: Dutch Medals of the Golden Age. New York, 1997.
[Scher 2000]  Stephen K. Scher (ed.). Perspectives on the Renaissance Medal. New York, 2000.
[Scholten 2011]  Frits Scholten. The Robert Lehman Collection XII: European Sculpture and Metalwork. New York, 2011.
[Smolderen 1996]  Luc Smolderen. Jacques Jonghelinck: Sculptur, médailleur et graveur de sceaux (1530-1606). Louvain-la-Neuve, 1996.
[Smolderen 2004]  Luc Smolderen. Les Waterloos: graveurs bruxellois de médailles et de sceaux (XVIIe siècle). Louvain-la-Neuve, 2004.
[Smolderen 2009]  Luc Smolderen. La Médaille in Belgique: Des Origines à Nos Jours. Wetteren, 2009.
[Syson 2002]  Luke Syson. "Holes and Loops: The Display and Collection of Medals in Renaissance Italy." Journal of Design History, vol. 15, no. 4, Approaches to Renaissance Consumption (2002):229-244. (Electronic copy)
Available online from JSTOR
[Syson and Gordon 2001]  Luke Syson and Dillian Gordon, with contributions by Susanna Avery-Quash. Pisanello: Painter to the Renaissance Court. London, 2001.
[Toderi and Vannel 2000]  Giuseppe Toderi and Fiorenza Vannel. Le Medaglie Italiane del XVI secolo. 3 vols. Florence, 2000.
[Trusted 1990]  Marjorie Trusted. German Renaissance Medals: A Catalogue of the Collection in the Victoria & Albert Museum. Gloucester, 1990.
[Vannel and Toderi 1987]  Fiorenza Vannel and Giuseppe Toderi. La Medaglia Barocca in Toscana. Florence, 1987.
[Vannel and Toderi 1998]  Fiorenza Vannel and Giuseppe Toderi. Medaglie e Placchette del Museo Bardini di Firenze. Florence, 1998.
[Vannel and Toderi 2003]  Fiorenza Vannel and Giuseppe Toderi. Medaglie Italiane del Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Volume I: Secoli XV - XVI. Florence, 2003.
[Vannel and Toderi 2005]  Fiorenza Vannel and Giuseppe Toderi. Medaglie Italiane del Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Volume II: Secolo XVII. Florence, 2005.
[Vannel and Toderi 2006]  Fiorenza Vannel and Giuseppe Toderi. Medaglie Italiane del Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Volume III: Secolo XVIII. Florence, 2006.
[Vannel and Toderi 2007]  Fiorenza Vannel and Giuseppe Toderi. Medaglie Italiane del Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Volume IV: Secolo XIX. Florence, 2007.
[Varriano 1981]  John L. Varriano. "Some Documentary Evidence on the Restriking of Early Papal Medals." American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, 26 (1981):215-223.
[Voltolina 1998]  Piero Voltolina. La storia di Venezia attraverso le medaglie. 3 vols. Venice, 1998.
[Volz 2013]  Peter Volz. Medaillen und Plaketten der Renaissance: Aus einer Schweizer Privatsammlung. Munich, 2013.
[Volz and Jokisch 2008]  Peter Volz and Hans Christoph Jokisch. Emblems of Eminence: German Renaissance Portrait Medals. Heidelberg, 2008.
[Weiss 1965]  Roberto Weiss. "The Medals of Pope Julius II (1503-1513)." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, vol. 28 (1965):163-182. (Electronic copy)
Available online from JSTOR
[Weiss 1966]  Roberto Weiss. Pisanello's Medallion of the Emperor John VIII Palaeologus. London, 1966.
[Wellington 2015]  Robert Wellington. Antiquarianism and the Visual Histories of Louis XIV: Artifacts for a Future Past. Surrey, 2015.
[Whitman 1991]  Nathan T. Whitman. "The First Papal Medal: Sources and Meaning." The Burlington Magazine, vol. 133, no. 1065 (Dec. 1991):820-824. (Electronic copy)
Available online from JSTOR
[Whitman and Varriano 1983]  Nathan T. Whitman in collaboration with John L. Varriano. Roma Resurgens: Papal Medals from the Age of the Baroque. Ann Arbor, 1983.