Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne

Allegorical Figures of Valor, Honor, and Justice

Bronze, 50.9 mm Ø, 56.3 g
Obverse:  Bust of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne facing left, wearing laurel wreath and armor. Around, PR · HENR · A · TVR ARV · VIC · TVREN . On truncation, HAMERANVS .
Reverse:  Three allegorical figures standing. On the left, Valor, with helmet, breastplate, shield, and spear. In the center, Honor, with cornucopia and spear. On the right, Justice, with balance and overturned cornucopia. Around, corresponding to each of the figures, VIRTVS · HONOS · AEQVITAS .

Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, was born in Sedan in 1611. He was the son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, duc de Bouillon and Elizabeth of Nassau. After his father died in 1623, Turenne was send to learn the art of war with his maternal uncles Maurice and Frederick Henry. Starting in 1630, he was in the service of the French and led various campaigns. He was made a marshal of France in 1643 and was appointed marshal-general of the camps and armies of the King in 1660. On July 27, 1675, while examining a position on the Rhine, Turenne was killed by a cannon shot. A simple and modest man who was respected by his soldiers, he showed great prowess in war, using calculation, reflection, and technique to perform skillfully in his endeavors.

Provenance:

Stack's Bowers Galleries, 8-13 January 2016, lot 42290.

References:

Johnson 1990, no. 170

Börner 1997, no. 1285

Vannel and Toderi 2005, nos. 645-646